If you’re wondering about political science, it’s basically a discipline that’s concerned with the study of human behavior in a government and political setting. “Political setting”, in this case, doesn’t just involve nationwide politicians and their political parties.
It also involves public policy, public administration, comparative politics, worldwide relations, and even finance. Comparative politics is really the science of comparison and teaching of various kinds of constitutions, politicians, legislature and connected fields. Worldwide relations handle the interaction between nation-states in addition to intergovernmental and transnational organizations.
We all know that political science is a course in university and that it was only fairly recently codified in the 1800s, when all of the social sciences were established. However, political science has ancient roots that could be tracked back to the time Plato and Aristotle thousands of years ago.
Political science as a discipline won’t be complete without political theories. Theories are just that: an approximation or guess on why certain systems work the way they do. In political science, the theories rests on the shoulders of historical greats like Aristotle, Cicero, Niccolo Machiavelli, Plato and many more.
Political science uses many techniques and approaches to social research. These include institutionalism, positivism, rational choice theory, structuralism, publish-structuralism, realism, and pluralism, among other -isms. Political science, among the social sciences, uses different sources to support its reports, including primary sources like historic documents and official records, and secondary sources like scholarly journal articles, record analysis, situation studies, survey research, experimental research and model building.
In a real world setting, political scientists frequently research political ideas and evaluate government policy and authorities, and reviews political trends and related issues. In some countries in the world, political science is the default, but not required, four-year course before studying to become a lawyer.
However, graduates of political science can hold their own jobs as political researchers, who work full-time within an office setting. In fact, 50% of political science graduates in the United States work for the government.
Political researchers, however require a masters degree or a Ph.D. in political science (or any other related field), not just a baccalaureate degree in political science.
While it may take a longer time to be employed as a political scientist, the rewards are definitely worth it. The median annual salary for political researchers was $102,000 in May 2012. The jobs market is only bound to get better as experts predict a 21 percent increase in job openings from 2012 to 2022. The predicted growth can lead to 1,400 new jobs being generated within a 10-year period. Political science graduates who are aspiring to become political researchers are bound face strong competition for jobs as the candidate pool is anticipated to exceed the amount of available positions.
Political researchers don’t just work in the government. They can also work for companies or organizations in an advisory capacity on political issues. Political researchers usually conduct research in any of these primary subfields: American politics, comparative politics, political theory or worldwide relation.
Political researchers can work as policy experts. Within this position, they might work for various organizations which have a stake in policy, for example, labor, and political organizations. Additionally they evaluate current laws using public opinion surveys, economic data, and election results. From all of these sources, they are able to discover the expected impact of recent politics.
Frequently, political researchers use qualitative techniques within their research, gathering information from numerous sources. For instance, they might use historic documents to evaluate past government structures and guidelines. They also depend heavily on quantitative techniques to build up and research ideas.